WebRTC (Web Real-Time Communication) enables browser-to-browser communications via audio, video, and P2P file sharing. It uses JavaScript APIs and HTML5.

WebRTC was open-sourced by Google in May 2011; the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is still drafting the full API definition. Enabling real-time communication without the need to download a separate plugin is a major change from traditional UCC offerings.

The IETF has now mandated support for both H.264 and VP8 video protocols ending the long-running debate. There is now a new update to WebRTC that comes in the form of the ORTC API, which has been referred to as WebRTC 1.1. It still offers JavaScript APIs, but has more flexibility for simulcast, layers video coding, and support for SVC.

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