Artificial intelligence (AI) extends the abilities of its human counterparts and can search, read, understand, and categorize various sets of unstructured data faster than any human or team can.
As a computer science discipline, AI traces its roots to the 1956 Dartmouth Summer Research Project on Artificial Intelligence, which brought together leading academic and industry researchers to attack a simply stated problem with a bold premise:
An attempt will be made to find how to make machines use language, form abstractions and concepts, solve kinds of problems now reserved for humans, and improve themselves. We think that a significant advance can be made in one or more of these problems if a carefully selected group of scientists work on it together for a summer.
From the original research funding proposal by McCarthy (Dartmouth), Minsky (Harvard), Rochester (IBM), and Shannon (Bell Labs)